Anlage Research Group

High Frequency Superconductivity, Microscopy, Nanophysics, and Chaos


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Introduction to Microwave Measurements

This site is devoted to teaching the fine art of high precision microwave measurements and is intended for internal use only .

An overview of microwave techniques is available on the Microwaves101 web site . This site includes a Microwave Encyclopedia , Microwave Calculators , and Microwave Acronym Dictionary .

Here are references and links to material that should be understood by all researchers hoping to utilize high frequency measurement methods

Transmission Lines [Basic Principles, Structure and Properties of Transmission Lines, Transmission Line Basics, Wiki Article]

The Impedance Concept [Characteristic Impedance]

Introduction to Network Analysis [NWA Basics, Fundamentals of Network Analysis, Another Intro to Network Analysis, Architecture of NWAs, Scattering Parameters, De-Embedding NWA Measurements, De-Embedding NWA Measurements (Updated), S-parameter measurements with Amplifiers]

Network Analyzer Calibrations [Calibrations, Introduction to VNA Calibration, Verification of Calibration, Manual: X-Band Waveguide Cal, Understanding VNA Calibrations, Advanced Calibration Methods]

Connector Care [Introduction, Agilent Connector Care web site]

Coaxial Connectors [Coaxial Connector Overview, Connector and Impedance, Swiss METAS Connector Bibliography]

Wafer Probe Measurements [Introduction, Dylan Williams' (NIST) page on wafer probe measurements]

Microwave-Bandwidth Oscilloscopes [Sampling Oscilloscopes]

Other Measurements [Attenuation, Digital Modualtion (including I/Q), Noise Measurements, Spectrum Analysis, Dielectric Measurements ]

Numerical Simulations of Maxwell's Equations [Practical Guide to 3D EM Simulation ]

High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) Software [HFSS v10 User Guide, HFSS v10 Online Help, HFSSv9 Seminar, Greg Ruchti Senior Thesis, Marc Pollak Senior Thesis]

Specialized Topics [S-Parameter Measurements in 2.4 mm connectors, Pulsed RF Measurements App Note, Pulsed RF Measurements Tutirial ]

Microwave Superconductivity [Overview of Superconductors and Microwaves, Tutorial on Microwave Superconductivity]

Presentation on Basic Microwave Measurements

RF Measurement Concepts from CERN

Anlage Lab Microwave Equipment

•  Agilent E8364C PNA Microwave Network Analyzer covering the range from 45 MHz to 50 GHz [PNA Help (html), PNA Help8 (pdf), Data Sheet, Technical Specs, Config. Guide, Quick Start Guide, App. Note: De-Embedding S-Param Measurements, App. Note: Applying Error Corrections to NWA Measurements, App. Note: Improving NWA Dynamic Range]

•  Agilent N5242A PNA-X Vector Network Analyzer covering the range from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz [PNA Help, Quick-Start Guide, PNA-X Configuration Guide, PNA-X Brochure, Specifications, Service Guide, App. Note: TRL* Calibration, App. Note: Accurate Measurement of Packaged Devices, IMD Measurements]

•  Agilent N5242B PNA-X 4-port Vector Network Analyzer, 10 MHz 26.5 GHz. In addition, two sets of Virginia Diodes frequency extenders for the 75 100 GHz and 220 330 GHz ranges. Full 2-port calibrated S-parameter measurements can be carried out over the entire frequency range. Antennas and quasi-optical components for these frequency ranges. This system can also operate in the time-domain with Virginia Diodes Up-converters and Down-converters. [Virginia Diodes Up/Down Converters Manual]

•  Agilent E5062A ENA-L RF Network Analyzer, 300 kHz to 3 GHz [User's Guide, Programming Guide, Configuration Guide, Data Sheet, Support Web Site]

•  Agilent 4396B Network / Spectrum / Impedance Analyzer 100 kHz 1.8 GHz [User's Guide, Task Reference, Programming Guide, GPIB Command Reference, Function Reference, Performance-Test Manual, Configuration Guide]

•  Agilent ESA-E Series E4407B Spectrum Analyzer covering the range from 10 kHz to 26.5 GHz. Options A4H, AYX, AYZ, B72, B75, BAB, V1D6 [Data Sheet, Configuration Guide, Spec. Guide, Quick Start Guide, Demonstration Guide, Meas. Guide and Prog. Examples, User's/Program. Ref. Vol. 1, User's/Program. Ref. Vol. 2, Calibration Guide, Preventative Maintenance, Spectrum Analyzer Speed, Optimizing Dynamic Range, Reducing Noise in Spectrum Analyzer Measurements]

•  Aaronia SPECTRAN V6 Real-time spectrum analyzer, 10 MHz - 6 GHz []

•  Keysight UXR0104A Real-Time Oscilloscope, 25 GHz bandwidth and 128 GS/s, 10-bit resolution [Keysight Infiniium UXR-Series Real-Time Oscilloscopes Users Guide]

•  Tektronix AWG 70000 Arbitrary Waveform Generator, 50 GS/s [AWG70000 Series Arbitrary Waveform Generators Help Document, AWG70000 Programmer Manual]

•  Agilent E8267D Vector PSG [Data Sheet, User's Guide, Key Reference, SCPI Command Reference, Configuration Guide, App Note: I/Q Modulation Considerations for PSG, Multi-Tone App Note, PSG Self-Guided Demo]

•  HP 83620B 20 GHz microwave synthesizers [User's Guide]

•  Agilent E8257C PSG Analog Signal Generator (250 kHz 40 GHz) [Data Sheet, User's Guide, Configuration Guide, Service Guide, Programming Guide, Key Reference, Error Messages, App Note on flat output power

•  Keysight N5173B 32 GHz EXG Analog microwave generator [User's Guide, Configuration Guide, Data Sheet, Getting Started Guide, SCPI Command Reference]

•  HP 437B Microwave Power Meter

•  HP 8403A Microwave Modulator

•  HP 11713A Microwave Switch and Attenuator Driver

•  HP 5340A 18 GHz frequency counter

•  HP 8349B 0.1 W microwave amplifiers

•  HP 87422A 1 Watt microwave amplifier

•  Tektronix 494P 21 GHz spectrum analyzer


Agilent Training Materials

Agilent eSeminar: Back to Basics - RF Spectrum Analysis Basics


Anlage Research Web Site

Anlage Downloadable Publications

Anlage Group Experimental Facilities


The 14th IEE Microwave Measurements Training Course , 2005. (Ref. No. 2005/10870)

RF and Microwave page at the Swiss METAS Metrology organization

Center for Nanophysics and Advanced Materials, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4111
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